Moles are small mammals that live underground, they are adapted to the subterranean lifestyle and very rarely leave their underground tunnels.
Moles create tunnels all their life, their bodies are well adapted to digging with large paws on their forelimbs. These small mammals feed almost exclusively on earthworms and small invertebrates in the soil.
A mole’s tunnels usually include a special underground “larder” for storing worms. There can be over a thousand worms in a mole’s larder, these worms are stored alive but are paralyzed and unable to move. The saliva of a mole contains a toxic substance that immobilizes the worms to prevent them from getting away.
Moles are not harmful to humans, and they pose no health risk whatsoever. In fact, the activities of moles seem to be beneficial to us because they reduce the population of underground worms that attack plants and crops, so why would anyone want to get rid of these “useful” animals?
What problems do moles cause?
As carnivorous animals that feed exclusively on underground worms and grubs, moles are very useful for reducing the population of earthworms, grubs, larvae, and insects. A mole can eat up to 70 to 100 percent of its body weight in a day. However, moles are renowned diggers and their intense digging activity has some very negative consequences. A mole in a garden or lawn will leave fresh piles of loose soil every day.
They will create molehills around the garden and lawn, exposing plant roots and indirectly causing damage or death to plants. The various piles of loose soil littered around the lawn will not only ruin the lawn but can also attract other unwanted animal pests. Moles are serious agricultural pests as they cause incredible damage to gardens and crop farms with their endless digging.
How do you recognize a mole?
The small cylindrical body of a mole is covered with velvety gray to dark brown fur and measures about 4 to 6 inches from snout to rump. A mole has a long pointed pink snout with very small and discreet ears and eyes, and their short limbs have large powerful pink paws which are specially designed to move dirt. Instead of a long pointed pink snout, some moles have a star-like structure covering their snout, this species is called the star-nosed mole.
Can I get rid of moles with poisons and repellents?
There are lots of mole poisons and repellents created and marketed by different companies, but do they work? The short answer is no! Despite that, moles are not the smartest animals out there, with no visible eyes and poor eyesight, they will never deliberately eat poisons. Some mole poisons/repellents look like grubs and fake worms which are made with toxic chemicals that will kill the moles when eaten. Here is a great resource to learn more about mole trapping and removal at pestmole.com
But, moles eat only live worms and grubs, they hunt by sound and are not tempted by worm-like substances lying around in the ground. Moles will only eat insects or worms which are moving and wriggling, their meal has to be alive to be eaten which is exactly why mole poisons and repellents are not effective. In fact, purchasing mole poison or repellent is a complete waste of money and time.
If you have a mole problem, trapping and removing the mole is the only effective way to solve the problem. Our experts at First Choice Wildlife Services are skilled at effective mole removal using various trapping techniques.
How do you get rid of moles?
Trapping and removal is the only effective solution to a mole problem. There are different types of mole traps available; the spear trap, the scissor trap, paper clip traps, and the body clamp trap.
Setting a mole trap is not a good option for a DIY project, this isn’t something you can do for fun or as a novice. Moles are subterranean mammals, and you need to have a good understanding of their behavior and habits to effectively capture it with a trap.
First, you need to identify an active mole tunnel. Because moles are master diggers, they often create a network of tunnels with molehills around an area. Some of these tunnels will be empty as the animal moves around in search of underground insects and worms. Accurately identifying an active tunnel is the first step toward a successful mole capture, and the trap has to be properly set to get the job done.
Call First Choice Wildlife Services
Because of the challenging and time-consuming nature of mole removal, we recommend calling a professional to sort the problem out for you. If you need help dealing with a mole problem or other wildlife, call us!
We service many parts of Colorado such as Boulder, Fort Collins, Greeley, and Loveland. Call us at 970-460-4044 to schedule our services!